Hygrophilus demorphic or Cinema (Higrophila difformis)
Hygrophilus demorphic or Cinema is a beautiful, unpretentious, hardy and fast-growing plant. Hygrophilus has a remarkable property, thereby contributing to the cleanliness of the aquarium by absorbing nitrogen, which accumulates in the water.
The name of the genus Hygrophilus, when translated from Greek, means "wet" and "love." Some species of Hygrophil can grow both in water and on land, but with the condition that there will be very high humidity. Originally a plant from Southeast Asia. It is found in nature in moist, marshy places, it tolerates flooding very well.
Hygrophilic demorphic can easily tolerate significant fluctuations in water temperature and the environment. It is able to grow in a cool aquarium at a water temperature of 21-24 degrees Celsius, but the most comfortable temperature for it is 25-28 degrees. If the temperature drops below 20 degrees Celsius, this leads to a halt in the growth of the green plant. Hygrophil feels great both in soft (up to 2 mEq / l) and hard (more than 10 mEq / l) water, with an acidity of pH 5.5 to 8.5. It is necessary to periodically replace old water with new 1/4 volume in the aquarium.
Hygrophilus is undemanding to the conditions of detention. That is why it is recommended to beginner aquarium lovers. Beautiful carved leaves adorn any aquarium. Hygrophil should be transplanted with caution, since this plant is very delicate and fragile. Aquarium capacity of more than 100 liters is desirable. The height of the stem of Hygrophila can reach 50 centimeters. But on average, the height is 30 centimeters in small aquariums. The plant has large carved leaves that can modify their shape depending on the conditions of their maintenance.
Hygrophil grows very quickly, so from time to time its bushes need to be thinned out. Green overgrown plants are an excellent shelter for small fish. Big fish can eat these sheets as food.
Hygrophilus demorphic prefers intense lighting. With a lack of lighting, the leaf stops growing, and the stem stretches and loses its attractiveness. Therefore, combined, diffused lighting is recommended, preferably with side light. Favorable daylight. The more light, the more beautiful and delicate the leaves become.
Under favorable conditions of detention, these plants produce shoots above the water, which in turn, let out pink flowers.
Hygrophila freely and elementarily propagated by cuttings. The stem is divided into cuttings, which should have 4-5 leaves. Then leave to swim on the surface of the aquarium. After a short period of time, they appear roots and small oval leaves. Gradually growing from an oval shape, they form into leaves with a serrated edge. Such a young plant can already be planted in the ground. The depth of the soil should be about 5 centimeters. For further better plant growth, fertilizer granules are added to the soil.
Hygrophilus or Blue demorphic can be propagated by disconnecting the upper lobe of the branch from the main plant, which should be about 10-15 centimeters. This twig simply needs to be pressed, with a small amount of soil, without digging. For this plant, a soil with a sufficient content of nutrients and trace elements is recommended. In terms of soil, it is recommended to use sand and pebbles of small and medium sizes. The root system provides essential plant nutrition. Such broad-leaved and large plants look beautiful in the background of the aquarium.