Ludwig Peruvian or Red Star (Ludwigia Peruensis)
Ludwig Peruvian or red star (Ludwigia peruensis) is a plant used for aquariums. In our country it is considered a rare species, because it is slowly growing and moody in content. Having a high decorative quality plant is an amphibian.
The birthplace of Ludwig Peruvian is considered North America. In a natural habitat grows in wetlands.
The red star is a very beautiful view of the aquarium flora. Has a stalk 2-5mm thick, woody. On it are creeping, bare shoots. Leaves are about 5-6 cm long. They can be different shades of green and red. The color of the plant depends on the brightness of the lighting. In bright light shades of red more. If there is not enough light for the plant, then the red star will be completely green. It grows up to 40 cm in height. It is up to 12 cm in diameter. It has a pointed apex.
Ludwig of Peru is an amphibian that can develop in water and feels comfortable, partially finding itself on the surface. The top of the red star appears above the water, small bright yellow flowers form on it. It is noteworthy that Peruvian ludwigia does not bloom in water.
How does a red star breed?
The plant propagates by cuttings. The stalk of a red star is cut into small pieces, about 10 cm long. After that, the cuttings are placed in gravel. It must be taken into account that leaves must be removed from the part of the handle that is in the ground. In this case, the root system is formed correctly. You can simply place the planting material on the ground, it will take root itself.
Placement in the aquarium
Ludwig of Peruvian is very decorative. Due to its red color, the plant looks good in contrast with other aquarium flora. It can be used as a bright spot, to focus on the desired objects.
When planted in the background, forms a bright background. You can use the plant in a group. Looks good landing ladder in the middle plan.
Features of plant care
The plant is demanding on nutrition, lighting and water temperature. Ludwig of the Peruvian, despite its high decorative qualities, is rarely used to design aquariums. This is due to its slow growth and demanding environment. The red star does not take root well after transplantation.
Lighting from 1 watt per liter of water is considered optimal, with a full range of lamps (5000-7000 K).
In the natural environment, this is a marsh plant, so it needs nutritious soil, root dressing. The water temperature should be 20-28 ° C. Strong lighting is required. If the plant lacks light, the leaf blades turn green.
Fine soil is needed for the plant, the layer height is not less than 3 cm. You can use a nutrient substrate, in which there must be trace elements and iron. Additionally, it is recommended to use liquid fertilizers. They necessarily use the necessary elements, iron. Experts say that good lighting and enough iron will make the color of the plant rich red. All of these components are necessary for the Peruvian ludwig in order to look great and feel good.
The plant reacts painfully to changes in the environment, which can lead to the death of the plant.
If the plant has lower leaves falling, then it is necessary:
- Conduct root dressing
- Change water regularly
- Increase plant lighting.