Proserpinac palustris (Proserpinaca palustris)
Proserpinaca palustris (Proserpinaca palustris) known since the mid-20th century, was brought to our country from the island of Cuba. This aquarium plant translated from English means "Mermaid weed." It has an unusual original appearance. Bright jagged leaves of green and red, somewhat reminiscent of spruce branches. Due to its unpretentiousness and amazing shape of Proserpinac, the palustris has gained worldwide recognition.
The habitat of the Proserpinac palustris is quite wide, but is limited to two continents - South and North America. It can also be found on islands in the Caribbean.
Proserpinac palustris grows in moist silty soil in ponds, swamps or streams; it can lead both terrestrial and underwater life.
The habitat affects the external characteristics of the plant, and contributes to the emergence of additional subspecies. The most popular subspecies among specialists in Russia is Cuba.
Proserpinaca palustris (Proserpinaca palustris) is an attractive aquarium plant unlike other plants. It has long stems and shoots. Needle leaves 4 cm long and 3 cm wide, come in different shades - green, red. Orange, yellow, copper.
The maximum height of the plant is 40 cm, width up to 15 cm. The color of the leaves change depending on lighting and nutrition. The better these indicators, the brighter and redder the palette of the plant.
Plants growing above water can bloom. These flowers are not beautiful, rather inconspicuous and not attractive.
Maintenance and care
Proserpinaca palustris (Proserpinaca palustris) is easy to maintain and does not require special care.
The plant prefers silty soil rich in potassium and iron. The lack of these elements will lead to fading and death, so you can use special tablets for fertilizer.
It is advisable to saturate the water with carbon dioxide, it will provide optimal nutrition and prevent the growth of algae in the aquarium.
Nitrogen and phosphate are also useful for the proper development of the plant, the growth, strength and color of the lower part of Proserpinac palustris depend on their coordinated work. The lower the nitrogen level, the brighter the red shades of the plant. Conversely, with a high level, yellowness and green predominate in the color of the leaves.
It is advisable to change the water once a week, the temperature is within 15-28 degrees.
A plant needs a high level of illumination with a full spectrum of color, and growth speed and color depend on this.
The right fertilizer and enough light contribute to excellent development. health and bright saturated shades.
Like many aquarium plants Proserpinac, palustris is propagated by the cuttings method. To do this, cut off the top of the plant, which has already reached the surface of the water, with a length of not more than 15 cm and transplant into the ground.
The growth of the cuttings depends on the development of the root system. Until he has acquired a sufficient number of roots, Proserpinac palustris will have a painful appearance, small nondescript leaflets and will not grow.
Application in aqua design
Proserpinaca palustris is an original plant with a specific appearance. Its main feature is bright jagged leaves of red and copper color. It is ideal for small aquariums due to its small and sluggish growth.
Wherever the plant is located, it will certainly attract attention and deserve special praise. It can be made the center of the composition or set small accents along the perimeter of the aquarium.