Glugeosis is an invasive fish disease caused by Glugea hertwigi parasites, in which cysts form in different tissues and organs. Sporovik is characterized by rapid reproduction by the simple division method, each plasmodium forms from 1 to 16 spores. Glugeosis affects many aquarium fish, and most often - the order Cyprinodontiformes (cyprinids) and the genera pachi-danio, Danio. Most often, the fish capture the mouth of small spores of the parasite, the shells of which open when they enter the intestine, plasmodia go out and penetrate the blood vessels of the mucous membrane. From there, the flow of blood carries them to different tissues and organs, where plasmodium settle, forming cysts. The sources of danger of infection are primarily dead and sick fish, and the pathogen can also get into the aquarium from natural reservoirs and dysfunctional aquariums with water, fish, vegetation, soil, live food. Fish affected by this parasite in most cases die, as the resulting cysts lead to impaired organs and tissues. Their opening shows the presence on the internal organs of large white nodules (up to 5 mm).
Symptoms of the disease
Eye-eye (single or double-sided); the fish swims on its side; cone-shaped protrusions on the surface of the body, sometimes resembling a tumor; white nodules on the internal organs, connective tissues of the subcutaneous tissue. The presence of these signs can also speak of other diseases, therefore, this is not enough to establish glugeosis. To determine the diagnosis, clinical signs of the disease, pathoanatomical picture, epizootological data, detection of parasitic spores during microscopic examination of nodules that are one or a cluster of several cysts are needed.
To date, there is no cure for glugeosis. In case of its establishment, it is necessary to destroy all fish and aquatic vegetation contained in the aquarium, disinfect the soil by calcination or boiling, and disinfect the aquarium. In order to prevent wild fish (smelt, minnows, sticklebacks, needle fish, etc.) and exotic, you need to keep them in different aquariums. Aquariums with fish that live in natural waters require a separate inventory. To obtain live food, you need to select water bodies without ichthyofauna. New, newly acquired fish should be kept in a quarantine aquarium for a month and only after antiparasitic baths are placed in the aquarium.